more old pictures of kerala

The canal in Ponnani in 1930s.

BEYPOR RAILWAY STATION CIRCA 1930


Calicut(Kozhikode)-kerala in 1901

BRITISH Government forces moving, during the 1921MALABAR rebellion

File:Moplah prisoners.jpg
Moplah prisoners
Pagodas at Calicut by Henry Salt 1809

Canoe discovered from Muziris excavations

portuguese fort in kozhikodu(calicut) 1525

 







calicut (kozhikodu) town

canonor (cannanoor) town

The King of Cochin -1506-IN PROCESSION

*"In the Synagogue of the White Jews, Cochin"*, Feb. 5, 1876 (with hand coloring)


y.

The ancestral home of Kunhali Maraikkar, after and before renovation.
The ancestral home of Kunhali Maraikkar, after and before renovation.
The ancestral home of Kunhali Maraikkar, after and before renovation.

kunjali marakkars house
The staircase captured from a Portuguese Ship on the event of one of Marakkar’s victory over Portuguese. Madonna can be seen engraved on it. It is kept in the Kottakkal juma masjid and used as a platform during the ‘juma’ prayer.

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A sketch of Marakkar Fort found in a Portuguese document.
A sketch of Marakkar Fort found in a Portuguese document



The Dutch defeated the Portuguese in 1663, invited in by the locals discontented with the Portuguese. Among other things they took over a 16th century palace from the Portuguese which has become known as "The Dutch Palace". After some improvements they presented it to the Raja. It is now a museum displaying not only it's own unique construction methods, especially Kerala flooring, but also some of the best mythological murals in India. The flooring, which looks like polished black marble, is actually a mixture of burned coconut shells, charcoal, lime, plant juices and egg whites.
Dutch India



Dutch India is a term used to refer to the settlements and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company on the Indian subcontinent. It is only used as a geographical definition, as there has never been a political authority ruling all Dutch India. Instead, Dutch India was divided in the governorates Dutch Ceylon and Dutch Coromandel, the commandment Dutch Malabar, and the directorates Dutch Bengal and Dutch Suratte.

History



Dutch presence on the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 and 1825. Merchants of the Dutch East India Company first established themselves in Dutch Coromandel, notably Pulicat, as they were looking for textiles to exchange with the spices they traded in the East Indies. Dutch Suratte and Dutch Bengal succeeded in 1616 and 1627 respectively. After the Dutch conquered Ceylon from the Portuguese in 1656, they took the Portuguese forts on the Malabar coast five years later as well, to secure Ceylon from Portuguese invasion.

Apart from textiles, the items traded in Dutch India include precious stones, indigo, and silk across India, saltpeter and opium in Dutch Bengal, and pepper in Dutch Malabar. Indian slaves were imported on the Spice Islands and in the Cape Colony.

In the second half of the eighteenth century the Dutch lost their influence more and more. The Kew Letters relinquished all Dutch colonies to the British, to prevent them from being overrun by the French. Although Dutch Coromandel and Dutch Bengal were restored to Dutch rule by vitue of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814, they returned to British rule owing to the provisions of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. In 1825, the Dutch had lost their last trading post in India.



Coup d'état- Kochi, in 1660-1663 Goda Varma's Cochin Army fighting against Dutch Army.

Not much of people know, that there was a bloody Coup d'état for the Cochin Throne between two princes, H.H Goda Varma II and Veera Kerala Varma V

It was for the first time, in the royal family, a terrible feud occuring, which went on into a full scale civil war between two sections. Initially Dutch Government in Fort Kochi, were reluctant to interfere into the issue, considering the issue being an internal matter of Royal family.

However, in 1662, it intervened, after receiving intelligence reports, that the reigining Ruler- H.H Goda Varma Raja II has a strong support of Zamorin and Calicut is funding heavily to make Cochin aligned to the Zamorin.

Dutch Governor Hendrik Van Rheede along with a huge Dutch Army, met Cochin Army which supported Goda Varma II and had an intense battle at Kalavetty Palace grounds. Meantime, Hendrik and a huge force, stormed into Kalavetty Palace, to arrest H.H The Queen of Kochi and placed her custody at Malabar House (the modern Malabar House hotel in Fort Kochi)

It later turned out, the move of Hendrik was to make Queen name her first Brother Veera Kerala Varma as the new King, which resulted in arrest of Goda Varma II and displaced him from Throne.

The Dutch Intervention helped Kochi to remain as one state, which otherwise would have divided into two states.....


7. Base and Pedestal of Stone Cross, Kaduthuruthy (Kaduthurutti) Date unknown: circa 1599, but possibly based on pre-Portuguese models Kerala, India Ricci 7 KP India 06 266 This cross is said to have been consecrated by the Portuguese Archbishop of Goa, Alexis de Menezes in 1559. It shows various unidentified scenes, along with portrait heads and elephants, and fleur-de-lis crosses in the lower panels.
Base and Pedestal of Stone Cross, Kaduthuruthy
Base and Pedestal of Stone Cross, Kaduthuruthy (Kaduthurutti)
Date unknown: circa 1599, but possibly based on pre-Portuguese models
Kerala, India
This cross is said to have been consecrated by the Portuguese Archbishop of Goa, Alexis de Menezes in 1559. It shows various unidentified scenes, along with portrait heads and elephants, and fleur-de-lis crosses in the lower panels.

Fort St. Angelo, an early sea-facing stronghold built by the Portuguese, still stands.
PIC_0293
The fort stands at the edge of the sea, overlooking some fishing villages. It feels ominously quiet, and one can hear the waves on the rocks below



The royal Crown of Kochi.

One of the most famous and expensive crowns in the country, the Cochin Crown was presented by Emperor Immanuel of Portugal to H.H Veera Kerala Varma Maharaja of Kochi on his coronation day. Especially designed by leading Portuguese royal jewellers of Lisbon, this crown is made of pure gold, studded with 101 diamonds, 301 rubies and 1001 several precious stones, as per Hindu texts, based on a model design of Kulashekara Crowns (the Chera Imperial Crown)

The crown was presented by Portuguese Governor to the Maharaja on his coronation day. But Veera Kerala Varma, found the crown to be too extravagant to his simple tastes and hence didn't prefer to adorn it. He couldn't refuse it, being presented as royal gift, which was a symbol/token of friendship.

Hence he adorn the crown on his lap and ever since that, no Kochi Kings ever worn the crown, rather kept on their right laps, during royal functions.

The crown is well preserved along with other Crown jewels at Hill Palace Museum in Tripunithara.





The Dutch Generals where considered to be most trusted loyalists of Kochi Kings. As a result, they are invited for all Durbar meets at Kochi Palace.

The lithograph shows the grand receptions accorded to Dutch Governors for their attendance at Kochi Durbars.

1813

Cochin, on the coast of Malabar


Cochin Jews



Chera Emperor Mahamahan Sri Sri Bhaskara Varman Thiruvadikal, issuing Copper Grants to Jews to fled from Israel due to West Asian conflicts in 750 AD, to Joseph Rabban. The Copper plant granted Jews to reside freely in Chera terrorities and settled down in Anjavaram near North Paravur for construction of 72 houses and own as free citizens without any discrimination and with full privileges of worship. The Joseph Rabban was also designated title- Thampuran- Prince of Jews.



The grant issued to Joseph, written in ancient Sangam Tamil-Malayalam language.

It read as

Cita:
We have granted to Joseph Rabban the village of Anjuvannam together with the 72 proprietary rights, tolls on boats and carts, the revenue and title of Anjuvannam, the lamp of the day, a cloth spread in front to walk on, a palanquin, a parasol, a Vaduga (i.e., Teluge) drum, a trumpet, a gate way, a garland, decoration with festoons, and so forth.

"We have granted him the land tax and weight tax; moreover, we have sanctioned with these copper plates that he need not pay the dues which the inhabitants of the other cities pay the Royal palace, and that he may enjoy the benefits which they enjoy. To Joseph Rabban the Prince of Anjuvannam and to his descendants sons and daughters and to his nephews, and to the sons-in-law who married his daughters in natural succession. So long as the world and moon exist, Anjuvannam shall be his hereditary possession. Hail









Picture of Fort Kochi in 1640s

Fort Kochi was once capital of Portuguese India and later Dutch India. The grand fort at Kochi, was built in 1503 by Portuguese as Fort Immanuel, in honour of the Great Portuguese Emperor- King Immanuel. The terroritory marked the first terroritory in India, to be managed by Europeans, granted by H.H Unni Goda Varma Thirumalpadu Maharaja of Kochi (Trimumpara Raja in Portuguese records) as a silver grant to Afonso de Albuquerque, the first Head of Portuguese India and second Portuguese Governor.

The glory of Fort Kochi was enshrined, when Portuguese adopted the First Bastion of the fort, in their emblem, which remained as Seal of Portuguese India till 1950s.



Paintings of Dutch Kochi, when a large fleet of Dutch ships anchored at Kochi Harbour.


Duarte Pacheco's seventh and final victory over the Zamorin (1840 lithograph)
[The Battle of Cochin-CLICK AND READ:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cochin_(1504) ]
Zamorin (Samoothiri; Malayalam:)CLICK AND READ:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamorin


Forttannur=SiegeofCannanore(1507)CLICKANDREAD:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Cannanore_(1507)



Uniform of Cochin State Solider in 1840



Sepoys in the Uniforms Worn By Madras Presidency Troops During the Pazhassi Raj Insurgency

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A drawing of Tellicherry published in 1736, showing the fort as it appeared some years earlier.

File:Portuguese fort at Calicut.jpg The Portuguese fort at Calicut. = The fall of Calicut occurred in 1526 -CLICK AND READ:-
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fall_of_Calicut_(1526)
KING OF COCHIN RIDING ON AN ELEPHANT ATTENDED BY HIS NAYARS (SIXTEENTH CENTURY)




#55




Official Map of Dutch Fort Kochi 1777[FROM mohammedirshad06 ]

This is the map prepared by City Officials of City Government of Kochi in 1777, at the time of handing over the city to British. The Map is completely hand drawn with colouring.

One can clearly see the St. Francis Church, The Stomsburg Fort (now only Bastion Bungalow remains), the Grand Fort Kochi Bastion with the Dutch Tricolor, and Bunton Boatyard.

In Mattancherry, one can identify the Mattancherry Palace, standing alone, while today its filled with residential areas. The Chempittapilly Mosque is also represented in map, so the Lighthouse at Vyppen.

The Map also describe the shallow regions of Sand Bar and deeper areas, which allows slightly bigger ships inside....
__________________
An engraved view of the Malabar coast based on Daniell, 1835

Chittoor Krishna Temple in 1928




HISTORY OF COCHIN KINGDOM AND WARS:-http://pazhayathu.blogspot.com/



depiction of small Indian boats on the Malabar Coast published in 1752 for inclusion in The Universal Traveller; or a Compleat Description of the Several Nations of the World, a popular survey of the cultures and geography of the world by Thomas Salmon (1679-1767). The images, however, date to the 16th century, originating in the famous Itinerario of Jan Huygen van Linschoten (1562-1611), an account of his journey to the Indian Peninsula during the height of Portuguese power in Asia. Faithfully reengraved after the 16th century original plate, this iconic image of the King of Cochin seated atop his elephant with his fearsome warriors was one of the best known images of India in western Europe for the better part of two centuries. It is a testimony to the influence Linschoten's work had on European conceptions of India that his images



Chinese Fishing Nets in 1928

Vintage Photographs of Cochin and Ernakulam - Kerala 1940's to 1960's

Cochin-M.g-road-on-1965
Cochin M.g road on 1965

Cochin-port-trust-on1948
Cochin port trust on1948

Cochin-secrateriat-on-1941
Cochin secrateriat on 1941

Cochin-state-assembly-on-1948
Cochin state assembly on 1948

High-court-boat-jetty-at-Ernakulam-on-1949
High court boat jetty at Ernakulam on 1949

Kerela-state-transport-bus-stand-Ernakulam-on-1966
Kerela state transport bus stand Ernakulam on 1966

New-rout-openinig-from-Ernakulam-to-Kottayam-on-1966
New rout openinig from Ernakulam to Kottayam on 1966

Rajendra-mithaan-1946
Rajendra mithaan 1946

Rammohan-Palace-%252Ccochin-on-1944
Rammohan Palace, Cochin on 1944

Photographs contributed by Mr. faizaltk faizal (faizalkunjbava@gmail
.com)

TO HAVE DIFFERENT SHAPE AND SIZE OF WILD DEER AND ANTELOPE HORN WAS CONSIDERED A GREAT ACHIEVEMENT IN 1940'S TRAVANCORE ;AND WAS PUT UP IN THE ENTRANCE HALL AS TROPHIES OF HUNTING






cavalry soldiers of Travancore army


during Travancore -Cochin elections POLICE CONTROL PEOPLE LINING UP FOR VOTING[NO SHOE FOR POLICEMAN WEARING OLD TYPE PEAKED CAP]
CONGRESS PARTY'S 'NETA'[LEADER FROM BOMBAY] S.K. PATIL URGING PEOPLE OF KERALA TO VOTE FOR CONGRESS-TO VOTE IN BULLOCK PICTURE BOX OF CONGRESS PARTY
[SORRY -THIS PICTURE WAS REMOVED BY ?]
Caption:During the Travancore-Cochin elections, Communist leader Ajoy K. Ghosh. (Photo by James Burke//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)
Date created:01 Mar 1954


Caption:During the Travancore-Cochin elections, Father Cyril de Costa (C) raising the Congress Party flag. (Photo by James Burke//Time Life Pictures/Getty Images)
Date created:01 Mar 1954



During the Travancore-Cochin elections, with Communist bookstall displaying pictures of Soviet & Red Chinese leaders and literature.
Location:Travandrum, India
Date taken:March 1954
Photographer:James Burke
LIFE


During the Travancore-Cochin elections, with Communist campagin workers singing & distributing literature.
Location:Quilon, India
Date taken:March 1954
Photographer:James Burke

During the Travancore-Cochin elections, during a Congress Party procession.
Location:Quilon, India
Date taken:March 1954
Photographer:James Burke
[T.C.T. REGISTRATION OF THE TRUCK STANDS FOR TRAVANCORE COCHIN TRIVANDRUM ]


During the Travancore-Cochin elections, with the Communist hammer & sickle symbol on a banner that indicates alliance of two parties.
Location:Quilon, India
Date taken:March 1954
Photographer:James Burke(THE CANDIDATE WRITTEN ON BOARD IS PONNARA SREEDHAR?)
THE POVERTY OF KERALA PEOPLE CAN BE SEEN IN THIS PHOTO 1954



EMS
EMS Namboodiripad (left) swearing in as Chief Minister
in April 1957




(FROM INTERNET ARTICLE )-THUNDERBOLT:-http://hastalavictoriasiambre.blogspot.in/2010_04_04_archive.html

The CIA Hand

The most far reaching US intervention into India's domestic policies during Bunker's New Delhi tenure came in Kerala. The CPI's success in Kerala had marked the first time a communist government had come to power anywhere in the world in a free and fair vote. As Dennis Kux (retired State Department South Asia specialist) had pointed out, the election results "rang alarm bells in Washington", where "preventing additional Keralas became an important argument for augmenting US assistance to India".

The Eisenhover administration at first adopted a wait-and-see attitude towards the CPI state government, but soon became more hostile. Bunker's embassy concurred with Washington's approach and made recommendations for implementing it. Eventually, a clandestine CIA operation was mounted to help dislodge the communists from power. This apparently involved agency funding for political demonstrations organised by the Congress Party and other opposition groups, that were designed to create a law and order situation sufficiently chaotic to justify the central government's dismissal of the Kerala administration. Citing such internal turmoil, New Delhi forced the communists out in 1959.

The CIA's role in Kerala did not surface until Daniel Patrick Moynihan who was ambassador to India in the early 1970s admitted this in his 1978 book 'A Dangerous Place'. The disclosure caused an uproar in India, especially since Moynihan had pointed to former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as the recipient of clandestine funds. Gandhi who by then was the prime minister often denounced the CIA had been the president of the ruling Congress Party when the Kerala communists were ousted. She had aggressively called for their dismissal and persuaded the central government led by her father Jawaharlal Nehru to accept her position. She aggressively termed Moynihan allegations "malicious, motivated and absolutely baseless", but he stood by it.
Ellsworth Bunker
Ellsworth Bunker
1894-1984


Born in Yonkers, New York, Ellsworth Bunker was a businessman who became a diplomat and was best-known for his role as U.S. ambassador to Vietnam from 1967 to 1973. Serving during the years of peak U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, he played a major role in making policy. Bunker began his diplomatic career as ambassador to Argentina in 1951 and subsequently served in Italy from 1952 to 1953 and India from 1956 to 1961. In an oral history interview he gave soon after Moynihan's book was published, Bunker admitted his own involvement. He expressed no regrets about the operation. He contended that the CIA had provided financial assistance to the Congress Party because the embassy had hard evidence that the Soviets were funding the local communists, "as they have done everywhere in the world, But as we have done elsewhere in the world," he went on, "we have come to the assistance of our friends when we knew and had evidence (of) what the Communists were doing financially and otherwise".

Bunker said the decision to provide funds was made "in Washington. But then I had leeways[sic] and discretion as to how it might be done and in what amounts." He recalled that S K Patil, not Indira Gandhi had been the intermediary. The agency, he said had had "very good and very close relation with Indian intelligence and was able to get from them pretty good evidence as to what was going on and in what amounts."

Source: Ellsworth Bunker, biography by Howard Schaffer, Chapter 6 'In Nehru's India'.

E. M. S. Namboodiripad photo taken later in life

The outstanding American statesman senator Patrick Moynihan who served as an ambassador for a term to India was only conforming the general perception when te admitted in his memoirs that the CIA had generously financed the so called notorious Liberation struggle (Vimochana Samaram) against the first EMS ministry.
We had twice, but only twice, interfered in Indian politics to the extent of providing money to a political party. Both times this was done in the face of a prospective communist victory in state elections, once in Kerala and once in West Bengal, where Calcutta is located. Both times the money was given to the Congress Party which had asked for it
The CIA Hand
The most far reaching US intervention into India's domestic policies during Bunker's New Delhi tenure came in Kerala. The CPI's success in Kerala had marked the first time a communist government had come to power anywhere in the world in a free and fair vote. As Dennis Kux (retired State Department South Asia specialist) had pointed out, the election results "rang alarm bells in Washington", where "preventing additional Keralas became an important argument for augmenting US assistance to India".
The Eisenhover administration at first adopted a wait-and-see attitude towards the CPI state government, but soon became more hostile. Bunker's embassy concurred with Washington's approach and made recommendations for implementing it. Eventually, a clandestine CIA operation was mounted to help dislodge the communists from power. This apparently involved agency funding for political demonstrations organised by the Congress Party and other opposition groups, that were designed to create a law and order situation sufficiently chaotic to justify the central government's dismissal of the Kerala administration. Citing such internal turmoil, New Delhi forced the communists out in 1959.
The CIA's role in Kerala did not surface until Daniel Patrick Moynihan who was ambassador to India in the early 1970s admitted this in his 1978 book A Dangerous Place. The disclosure caused an uproar in India, especially since Moynihan had pointed to former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as the recipient of clandestine funds. Gandhi who by then was the prime minister often denounced the CIA had been the president of the ruling Congress Party when the Kerala communists were ousted. She had aggressively called for their dismissal and persuaded the central government led by her father Jawaharlal Nehru to accept her position. She aggressively termed Moynihan allegations "malicious, motivated and absolutely baseless", but he stood by it.
In an oral history interview he gave soon after Moynihan's book was published, Bunker admitted his own involvement. He expressed no regrets about the operation. He contended that the CIA had provided financial assistance to the Congress Party because the embassy had hard evidence that the Soviets were funding the local communists, "as they have done everywhere in the world,…But as we have done elsewhere in the world," he went on, "we have come to the assistance of our friends when we knew and had evidence (of) what the Communists were doing financially and otherwise".
Bunker said the decision to provide funds was made "in Washington…But then I had leeways[sic] and discretion as to how it might be done and in what amounts." He recalled that S K Patil, not Indira Gandhi had been the intermediary. The agency, he said had had "very good and very close relation with Indian intelligence and was able to get from them pretty good evidence as to what was going on and in what amounts."
Source: Ellsworth Bunker, biography by Howard Schaffer, Chapter 6 'In Nehru's India'.


 BELOW -COCHI HARBOUR ABOUT 1850  File:കൊച്ചിയിലെ ഹാർബർ (1850-1897).jpgBELOW-EDAKULAM RAILWAY STATION  File:എടക്കുളം റെയിൽവേ സ്റ്റേഷൻ (1900).jpg  BELOW-PONNANI PORT File:മലപ്പുറം ജില്ലയിൽ പൊന്നാനിയിലെ ഹാർബർ (1930-37).jpg  BELOW-BOARDING SCHOOL STUDENTS HAVING LUNCH -1930 KERALA File:പെരാപെരിയിലെ ബോർഡിംഗ് സ്കൂൾ (1930).jpg BELOW -NILAMBUR VILLAGE SCHOOL -1930'S File:ബുഷ് വിദ്യാലയം. നിലമ്പൂർ, മലപ്പുറം. ഏകദേശം 1930.jpg BELOW-Brahmin Girls School - Mangalore, Karnataka 1870's

Photo+Brahmin+Girl%2527s+School+MANGALORE+India+c1870s++2
 File:മലബാറിലെ മാപ്പിള (1926 - 1933).jpg

 COCHIN JEW TOWN 1900
 File:57Cochin White Jew Town.jpg



KERALA DRESS 1500 TILL NOW - http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/02/kerala-dress-


                                       http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-dkA6ywxZ3qs/TyOVDHdSBvI/AAAAAAAAAXM/9tpJyeeV6Gg/s400/OLD+PADMANABHA+TEMPLE.jpg


http://www.hindu.com/mp/2009/12/12/images/2009121254950801.jpg
Classic frames Thiruvananthapuram on the day the Viceroy took charge in 1936.The picture was taken by Hariharan and is part of the private collection of photographs of Uthradam Thirunal Marthanda Varma. It was recopied from the original by S. Mahinsha.
http://www.keralapolicehistory.com/parch/g70.jpg
MAHARAJA SRI CHITHIRU THUNAL WITH ENGLISH OFFICERS CIRCA 1940

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-wsr0Itq7i0U/TyOX3s_PspI/AAAAAAAAAXc/ygfLAgsgwFI/s1600/impa-abmpix-3359+copy.jpg
PHOTO CIRCA 1900-SRI PADMANABHA SWAMI TEMPLE;TRIVANDRUM CITY











എഴുപത്തിയഞ്ച് വര്‍ഷങ്ങള്‍ക്കപ്പുറത്തുള്ള മലബാറിലെ ജീവിതവും കാലവും സ്ഥലവും എങ്ങനെയായിരുന്നുവെന്ന് കാട്ടിത്തരുന്ന ചിത്രങ്ങള്‍ . മറഞ്ഞുപോയ ഒരു കാലത്തിന്റെ ചിത്രചരിത്രം. 1850 മുതല്‍ 1937 വരെയുള്ള മലബാര്‍ജീവിതത്തിലേക്ക് ദൃശ്യങ്ങള്‍ കൊണ്ട് ഒരു തിരിച്ചുപോക്ക്. സതേണ്‍ കാലിഫോര്‍ണിയ യൂണിവേഴ്സ്റ്റി ഡിജിറ്റല്‍ ലൈബ്രറിയില്‍ സൂക്ഷിച്ചിട്ടുള്ള ഈ ദൃശ്യങ്ങള്‍ മദ്രാസിലെ ക്ലെയിന്‍ ആന്റ് പേള്‍ സ്റ്റുഡിയോവിലെ ഫോട്ടോഗ്രാഫര്‍മാര്‍ എടുത്തതാണ്. ഫോട്ടോഗ്രാഫേഴ്‌സിനെക്കുറിച്ചുള്ള വിവരങ്ങള്‍ ലഭ്യമല്ല. ബാസല്‍ മിഷന്‍ ശേഖരിച്ചവയാണ് ചിത്രങ്ങള്‍ . (കോപ്പിറൈറ്റ്: മിഷന്‍ 21/ബാസല്‍ മിഷന്‍ )

സ്‌കൂള്‍ , 01.09.1926.-SCHOOL


ബേക്കറിക്കട, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1908.-BAKERY


കോഴിക്കോട് തളി ശിവക്ഷേത്രം,[CALICUT-KOZHIKODU -TEMPLE AT TALI] 1926. തളിയമ്പലം എന്നും അറിയപ്പെടുന്നു. പ്രധാന പ്രതിഷ്ഠ ശിവനാണ്. കോഴിക്കോട്ട് സാമൂതിരിപ്പാടിന്റെ മുഖ്യ ക്ഷേത്രങ്ങളില്‍ ഒന്നാണ് ഇത്. പഴക്കം കൊണ്ടും, പ്രൗഡികൊണ്ടും, താന്ത്രിക ക്രിയകളുടെ നിഷ്ഘര്‍ഷതകൊണ്ടും നിത്യ നിദാനങ്ങളില്‍ അന്യൂനമായ ചിട്ടകള്‍ കൊണ്ടും പ്രസിദ്ധമാണ് തളിമഹാക്ഷേത്രം. പുരാതന കേരളത്തിലെ 108 ശിവക്ഷേത്രങ്ങളില്‍ പറയുന്ന നാലു തളിക്ഷേത്രങ്ങളില്‍ ഒരു തളിയാണ് ഈ ക്ഷേത്രം. തളി എന്ന പദം ശിവക്ഷേത്രത്തെ ആണ് കുറിക്കുന്നതെങ്കിലും ഇവിടെ ശ്രീകൃഷ്ണന്റെ ഒരു പ്രധാനക്ഷേത്രവും കൂടിയുണ്ട്. ഐതിഹ്യമനുസരിച്ച് കേരളത്തിലെ പല ക്ഷേത്രങ്ങളുടെയും നിര്‍മ്മാതാവായ പരശുരാമന്‍ ഇവിടെ ശിവനെ ആരാധിച്ചിരുന്നു. ജന്മിവൈരങ്ങളും ശാപങ്ങളും ശാപമോക്ഷങ്ങളും ഈ ക്ഷേത്രത്തിന്റെ ഐതിഹ്യങ്ങളുടെ ഭാഗമാണ്. ക്ഷേത്രത്തിന്റെ പ്രതാപകാലത്ത് ഈ ക്ഷേത്രം 7 ദിവസം നീണ്ടുനിന്ന രേവതി പട്ടത്താനം എന്ന തര്‍ക്ക സദസ്സ് നടത്തിയിരുന്നു.


കോഴിക്കോടന്‍കടല്‍ത്തീരം, 1908.KOZIKODU BEACH


ഗേള്‍സ് സ്‌കൂള്‍, കാസര്‍ഗോഡ്, 1910.GIRL'S SCHOOL AT KASARGODU


കണ്ണൂരിലെ ചന്ത, 1932.MARKET AT KANNOOR


ഒലവക്കോട്ടെ ഓട് ഫാക്ടറി-TILE FACTORY AT OLAVAKODU


മിഷന്‍ ഹൗസ്, കോഴിക്കോട്‌- CHRISTIAN MISSION HOUSE AT KOZHIKODU


കിണര്‍ , 31.05.1902-LIFTING WATER FROM WELL


മിഷന്‍സ്‌റ്റേഷന്‍ , തലശ്ശേരി , 1899 CHRISTIAN MISSION HOUSE AT TALASSERY


സ്ത്രീകള്‍ക്കായുള്ള ആശുപത്രി, കോഴിക്കോട് 1900.-WOMEN'S HOSPITAL


ലൈറ്റ് ഹൗസ്, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1914.LIGHT HOUSE AT KOZHIKODU-CALICUT


മുസ്ലീംപള്ളി, ചിറക്കല്‍ , കണ്ണൂര്‍ MUSLIM MOSQUE@CHIRAKKAL-MADE IN ORIGINAL KERALA FASHION


എണ്ണയാട്ട്, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1908.PRESSING COCONUT OIL FROM KOPRA ,MADE BY USING ANIMAL POWER


പൊന്നാനിയിലെ തേങ്ങാക്കച്ചവടം, 1930.COCONUT BAZAR AT PONNANI TOWN


മലബാര്‍ ക്രിസ്ത്യന്‍ കോളേജ്, 1932


കോഴിക്കോട്, 1921.ROAD,KOZHIKODU


പുഴ കടക്കല്‍ , പൊന്നാനി, 1932.CROSSING PONNANI RIVER


കോഴിക്കോട്ടെത്തിയ ഒരു ഭീമന്‍മണി, 1912.BELL AT KOZHIKODU


സ്‌കൂള്‍കളിസ്ഥലം.SCHOOL PLAY GROUND


പള്ളിനിര്‍മാണത്തിനിടെ, കോഴിക്കോട്.PHOTO TAKEN DURING BUILDING OF A CHURCH


പുതിയറ, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1873.KOZIKODU TOWN


ഇന്ത്യന്‍ മിഷന്‍ സ്‌റ്റേഷന്‍, വാണിയങ്കുളം., 18.05.1888-MISSION HOUSE AT VANIYAMKULAM


മിഷന്‍ ഹൈസ്‌കൂള്‍ , തലശ്ശേരി, 1911SCHOOL ,TALASSERY TOWN


പൊന്നാനിക്കടവ്.PONNANI TOWN BOAT JETTY


പൊന്നാനിപ്പള്ളി,1938.KERALA MODEL MUSLIM MOSQUE AT PONNANI


മിഷന്‍ സ്‌കൂള്‍ മണ്ണന്തല, 1928.CHRISTIAN MISSION SCHOOL AT MANNANTHALA


ക്രിസ്ത്യന്‍പള്ളി, കോഴിക്കോട്, 02.09.1913 CHURCH AT KOZHIKODU


ഇംഗ്ലീഷ് പള്ളി, കോഴിക്കോട്,1896.ENGLISH CHURCH ,KOZHIKODU


22.മിഷന്‍ ട്രേഡ് ഹൗസും മാനാഞ്ചിറയും,1850 MISSION HOUSE AT MANANCHIRA


മിഷന്‍ഹൗസ്, 31.07.1914-MISSION HOUSE


കണ്ണൂരിലെ ക്രിസ്ത്യന്‍പള്ളി,31.07.1914 CHURCH AT KANNOOR


ഭഗവതിക്ഷേത്രം, ഏലത്തൂര്‍ ,കോഴിക്കോട് ,1901.BHAGAVATHY TEMPLE AT ELATHUR ,KOZHIKODU


പൊന്നാനിത്തുറമുഖം, 1930.PONNANI HARBOUR


ഓടുഫാക്ടറിയിലെ സ്ത്രീജോലിക്കാര്‍ , ഒലവക്കോട്,1902.WORKERS OF TILE FACTORY,OLAVAKODU


പുഴ, ഫറോക്,1896-RIVER AT FAROOK


പരുമന വിഷ്ണുക്ഷേത്രം, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1901.PARUMANA VISHNU TEMPLE,KOZHIKODU


പെണ്‍കുട്ടികള്‍ക്കായുള്ള ബോര്‍ഡിംഗ്‌സ്‌കൂള്‍, 1914.GIRLS BORDING SCHOOL


പൊന്നാനിത്തെരുവ്, 1930.PONNANI ROAD


നെയ്ത്തുശാല, കണ്ണൂര്‍, 1902.KANNOOR CLOTH MILL


പരപ്പനങ്ങാടി സ്‌കൂള്‍ ,1913.SCHOOL AT PARAPPANANGADY


ഗേള്‍സ് സ്‌കൂള്‍, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1914.GIRLS SCHOOL KOZHIKODU


റെയില്‍വേസ്‌റ്റേഷന്‍ , കോഴിക്കോട്, 1908.RAILWAY STATION ,KOZHIKODU


നായര്‍പെണ്‍കുട്ടികള്‍ക്കായുള്ള സ്‌കൂള്‍ ,കോഴിക്കോട്.1912 SCHOOL FOR NAIR GIRLS.KOZHIKODU


പെണ്‍കുട്ടികള്‍ക്കായുള്ള ഗ്രാമര്‍സ്‌കൂള്‍ , 1908.GIRLS GRAMMER SCHOOL


മലബാര്‍ മിഷന്‍ ഗേള്‍സ് ഹൈസ്‌കൂള്‍ , വിട പറയുന്ന ദിവസം. 14.03.1929.MALABAR MISSION GIRL'S SCHOOL  Seated: Miss M. Sharad, Miss. D.M. Kanakalatha, Miss P. Devi, Miss Eveline Andrews, Miss T.A. Anna. On chairs: Miss S. Simon, Miss K. Petrina, Miss H. Frey, Mr T. Nicholas, Mr K.T. Verghese, Mr T.M. Cherian, Mr P. Narayana Pillai, Mr D. Chowelor. 3rd row: Mr T. Devadasan, Miss Leila Thomas, Miss M. Sivagami, Miss V. Padmavathi, Miss Grace C., Miss Karuna T., Miss V.K. Padmavathi; 4th row, Miss K. Yeshoda, Miss M. Thomas, Miss P. Janaki, Miss Madhavi K., Miss K. Sara Thomas, Miss M. Devaki, Miss P. Leelavathi, Miss K. Lakshmikutty, Miss P. Raechal.'
Annotation: 'School Leaving Girls, 1929.' - 'Left to right sitting) Miss. M. Sharad, Miss. D. M. Kanakalatha, Miss. P. Devi, Miss. Eveline Andrews, Miss. T. A. Anna. In Chairs) Miss. S. Simon, Miss. K. Petrina, Miss. H. Frey, Mr. T. Nicholas, Mr. K. T. Verghese. Mr. T. M. Cherian, Mr. P. Narayana Pillai, Mr. D. Chowellor. (3rd Row) Mr. T. Devadasan, Miss. Leila Thomas, Miss. M. Sivagami, Miss. V. Padmavathi, Miss. Grace C, Miss. Karuna T, Miss. V. K. Padmavathi. (4th Row) Miss. K. Yeshoda, Miss. M. Thomas, Miss. P. Janaki, Miss. Madhavi K. Miss. K. Sara Thomas, Miss. M. Devaki, Miss. P. Leelavathy, Miss. K. Lakshmikutty, Miss. P. Raech-al.'


ക്രിസ്ത്യന്‍ പള്ളി, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1926.CHURCH ,KOZHIKODU


ചോമ്പാലയിലെ ബോര്‍ഡിംഗ് സ്‌കൂള്‍ , ഭക്ഷണമുണ്ടാക്കുന്ന കുട്ടികള്‍ .1905.BOARDING SCHOOL CHILDREN BUSY MAKING OWN FOOD


ക്രിസ്ത്യന്‍ അധ്യാപികമാര്‍ , കോഴിക്കോട്, 1914.


തളിയില്‍ ശിവക്ഷേത്രവും സാമൂതിരി സ്‌കൂളും. 1908.SHIVA TEMPLE AND SAMOODRI'S SCHOOL AT TALI


തെയ്യം, 1901.THEYYAM DANCE


കടല്‍ത്തീരം, കണ്ണൂര്‍, ലൈറ്റ്ഹൗസ് കാണാം.KANNOOR BEACH


ദൈവത്താര്‍ , കാനത്തൂര്‍ അമ്പലം, കണ്ണൂര്‍ SEATED ORACLE AT KANATHOOR TEMPLE,KANNOOR


സൂര്യാസ്തമനം, കണ്ണൂര്‍, 1932SUN SET ,KANNOOR


ക്ഷേത്രക്കുളം, കോഴിക്കോട്, 1926 TEMPLE AND ATTACHED POND .KOZHIKODU


അമ്പലം, കോഴിക്കോട്,1926. TEMPLE ,KOZHIKODU


കോഴിക്കോടന്‍ തെരുവീഥി.ROAD ,KOZHIKODU


കോളേജ്. കോഴിക്കോട്, 1926.COLLEGE,KOZHIKODU


റെയില്‍വേ. ഫറൂഖ്, 1926.RAILWAY AT FAROOK


SCHOOL
ഓപ്പറേഷന്‍ തീയേറ്റര്‍ , കോഴിക്കോട്. 1913.OPERATION THEATRE ,KOZHIKODU HOSPITAL


വൈഎംസിഎ കോഴിക്കോട്. 1910.Y M C A ,KOZHIKODU


സ്ത്രീകള്‍ക്കായുള്ള ആശുപത്രി, 1926.WOMEN'S HOSPITAL

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[1]MAKING ICE FROM EARTHEN PITS:-

CLICK AND SEE:-                 http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/02/water-cooler-air-conditioning-before.html

[2]മലബാര്‍ : 75 വര്‍ഷങ്ങള്‍ക്ക്        മുമ്പ്‌:-

CLICK AND SEE:- http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/11/75-july-30-2012-63-photos.html


[4]KERALA DRESS 1500 TILL NOW

CLICK AND SEE:-  http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2012/02/kerala-dress-1500-till-now.html

[5]VIMOCHANA SAMARAM 1959-PHOTOS:-

CLICK AND SEE:-http://www.flickr.com/photos/vimochanasamaram/with/3781478010/

 [6]  Travancore royal family and THIRU VITHAAM KOOR- state (now part of Kerala state) 1900-1950

http://pazhayathu.blogspot.in/2014/01/travancore-royal-family-thiru-vitham.html